Task 1 Report: Oil Resources & Usage
Question: The above charts show the proportions of the world’s oil resources held in different areas, together with the proportions consumed annually in the same areas. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Band 8+ Sample Answer:
(Intro & overview) The two bar graphs show the proportions of global oil both for resources held and consumption in 10 different areas. Overall, the Middle East dominates capacity with control of over 50% of all resources, while consuming a relatively small amount. In contrast, Asia, the US and Western Europe were the main consumers, while holding very insignificant proportions of oil.
(Detail 1) Turning to the detail and looking at percentages of total oil resources, the Middle East is the most significant location globally with 56.5%. By comparison, the second largest figure is a mere 14.8% belonging to Canada. The remaining eight locations range from 8.1% (Central and South America) to 0.3% (Australia and New Zealand).
(Detail 2) Regarding the proportion of total global oil consumption, Asia, the US and Western Europe lead the way with figures of 26.2%, 25.5% and 19.2% respectively. As was mentioned earlier, this is in contrast to their low levels of resources (2.9%, 1.85% and 1.5%). The remaining seven areas consume a relatively insignificant amount, with ‘Central and South America’ and ‘Australia and New Zealand’ top and tailing that list with 6.7% and 1.31% respectively. In contrast to their vast resources, the Middle East only consume 6.15% of total use. (212 words)
Words: Nick Kemp, former IELTS examiner.
Image: Cambridge / Ielts-exam.net