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  • Nick Kemp

Task 1 Report: Age of Population



Question: The charts above give information on the ages of populations of Yemen and Italy in 2000 and projections for 2050. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.


Band 8+ Sample Answer:


(Intro and Overview) The four pie charts compare the age distribution in the populations of Yemen and Italy in the years 2000 and 2050. It can be seen that the average age in both countries is predicted to increase over the period, and Italy appears to have a much older population in both years. The proportion of those between 15 and 59 years old in Yemen is expected to grow significantly, whereas in Italy, those aged 60 and above experienced the biggest growth.


(Detail 1) In 2000, 14-year-olds and under accounted for half of Yemen’s population in comparison with only 14.3% in Italy. Meanwhile, people aged 15 to 59 represented 46.3% and 61.6% in Yemen and Italy respectively. In Yemen, the proportion of older residents was 3.6%, compared with 24.1% in Italy. So we can clearly witness that Italy had the older population.


(Detail 2) In 2050, it is predicted that the figure for the 60+ group in Italy will double to approximately 48% of the total population, whereas the corresponding figure in Yemen will climb marginally, reaching a mere 5.7%. Meanwhile, that of the 15-59 year-old group in Italy is forecasted to drop by about 15% to 57.3% in contrast to a growth of almost 11% to 46.2% in Yemen. Finally the proportion of the 14 and under group will fall slightly in Italy to 11.5% but it will reduce dramatically in Yemen, by nearly a third to 37%. (242 words)


Words: Student Report, fully corrected and upgraded by Nick Kemp, former IELTS Examiner.

Image: Cambridge