Question: Scientists believe that computers will become more intelligent than human beings. Some people find it is positive while others think it is a negative development. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Band 8+ Sample Answer:
(Intro) Computer or artificial intelligence is considered one the most transformative technologies developed by human engineering. Although many are concerned that adoption of AI will result in mass unemployment, I believe that the advantages, which include increased productivity and innovation can eclipse any perceived drawbacks.
(Body 1) On the one hand, as the power and potential of computer intelligence continues to progress, many predict that it will inevitably take over large sectors of the workforce, resulting in the human worker's eventual obsolescence, For example, Huge swathes of blue-collar workers that form the backbone of supply chain, logistics, and manufacturing industries are expected to be replaced by a wave of automation. Worse still, if governments failed to anticipate this through such policies as re-skilling, and a universal basic income, we could end up with unmanageable levels of unemployment, accompanied by increased poverty and a mental health crisis.
(Body 2) On the other hand, the continued development of computers will lead to unprecedented rises in productivity and innovation. Grocery stores, such as Walmart, have taken advantage of using drones to deliver orders and handle surging demand during the Covid-19 pandemic, reducing pressure on store workers and increasing efficiency. Furthermore, as AI proliferates, it can take on complex and challenging projects such as establishing new civilisations. In this brave new world space exploration and land terraforming of other planets, could largely be performed by AI-enabled machines, to maximise efficiency and precision, and minimise risk to human life.
(Conclusion) In conclusion, although we should recognise that computer advancements give rise to concerns about mass unemployment, these pale into insignificance when compared with the opportunities to improve productivity and aim for the the moon, literally! It’s important to note that all technologies carry a certain degree of risk, but if we had adopted a fearful mindset toward human innovation, much of the progress made in the past 200 years would never have occurred. (312 words)
Words: Student essay, corrected & upgraded by Nick Kemp, former IELTS examiner.
Image: "Terminator 3" by twm1340 is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0.