Task 2 Essay: History vs Science
Question: Some people say History is one of the most important school subjects. Other people think that, in today’s world, subjects like Science and Technology are more important than History. Discuss both these views and give your opinion.
Band 8+ Sample Answer:
(Intro) Some people argue that History is one of the most important subjects, while others suggest that Science and Technology are are a bigger priority. Personally I think that as a society, we need to be equipped with both. This is because History gives us understanding of social and political issues, while science provides solutions to pressing environmental problems facing our world.
(Body 1) To begin with the importance of History should not be understated. A comprehensive analysis of the past allows us to understand the present and prepare for the future. A good example of this would be the use of non-violent protest to achieve social change in western countries. Hunan rights for women, ethnic minorities and workers have been hard fought for through demonstrations and civil disobedience. Currently there is a growing movement to demand urgent action to tackle the global climate crisis by groups such as Extinction Rebellion. This can be viewed as a continuation of this historical movement and it important for students to understand these connections.
(Body 2) Despite these argument, it would be wrong to argue against the need to prioritise science and technology education. Our modern world is full of examples which indicate that humans are not living sustainably. These include spiralling greenhouse gas emission rates, oceans full of plastic and species extinction. Many of these dire problems require a new wave of scientists to play their part in developing new technologies, such as plant-based meat, new biodegradable materials and electric cars.
(Conclusion) In conclusion I can’t fully support the idea that governments should prioritise Science or History as both are necessary to produce the next generation of scientists and tech innovators who can help to avert the current climate crisis but also have an awareness of society’s greatest political successes and failures. It is only from a balance of humanities and science that we can produce the well-rounded citizens that are needed to facilitate progress. (308 words).
Words: Nick Kemp, former IELTS examiner.
Images: ParentRap & Stefan Keller / Pixabay.