Question: Countries should try to produce all the food for the population and import as little food as possible. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (Test Date: 30/11/19)
Band 8+ Sample Answer:
(Intro) It is commonly thought that all food for the general public should be produced domestically and imports of food should be discouraged. I tend to agree with this opinion as food self-sufficiency plays a crucial role in the country’s security, economy and environment.
(Body 1) To begin with, an adequate domestic supply of food is of paramount importance to any country’s security. Heavy dependence on foreign staples could lead to acute deficiency in cases of political conflicts, natural disasters or widespread diseases. For instance, during the Covid-19 pandemic, when borders, travel and trade are restricted, imported goods have almost disappeared in many countries. A country which is reliant on imported food products could suffer from surging prices, social unrest or even starvation.
(Body 2) Secondly, national economies would gain enormous benefits from attempting to produce all their food domestically. More jobs and business opportunities could be created in the wake of investments in agricultural projects as well as the food industry. Take for example large-scale farms belonging to the TH milk company in Central Vietnam, which employ a lot of local people and purchase local produce to feed their herds, both of which have had positive impacts on the regional economy.
(Body 3) Finally, a decrease in food imports is also advantageous to the environment. This is because food can be bought locally and transport of food is significantly reduced, meaning less exhaust fumes are emitted into the atmosphere. As a result, the most pressing environmental problems such as air pollution, could be greatly improved.
(Conclusion) In conclusion, I believe that countries should limit food importation and encourage domestic production due to benefits around food security, the economy and climate change. Therefore the government should set clear limits and targets for imports and domestic production respectively. (289 words).
Words: Student essay, corrected & upgraded by Nick Kemp, former IELTS examiner.
Image: Alekas Fotos/ Pixabay.